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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(MARK ONE)
xQUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022
or
oTRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission File Number: 001-39408
Lucid Group, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
85-0891392
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
7373 Gateway Boulevard, Newark, CA 94560
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)
(510) 648-3553
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per share
LCID
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    x  Yes   o  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    x  Yes    o  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer x
Accelerated Filer
o
Non-accelerated Filer
o
Smaller Reporting Company
o
Emerging Growth Company
 o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act).    o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). o  Yes    x  No
Number of shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding at April 29, 2022: 1,667,840,573






INDEX TO FORM 10-Q
Page
Item 1.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 (Unaudited)
2021 (Unaudited)
Item 2.
Item 1A.
Item 5.
2


CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains statements that express our opinions, expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, assumptions or projections regarding future events or future results and therefore are, or may be deemed to be, “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”). Forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of words such as “estimate,” “plan,” “project,” “forecast,” “intend,” “will,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “seek,” “target,” “continue,” “could,” “may,” “might,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict” or other similar expressions that predict or indicate future events or trends or that are not statements of historical matters. They appear in a number of places throughout this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and include statements regarding our intentions, beliefs or current expectations concerning, among other things, results of operations, financial condition, liquidity, prospects, growth, strategies and the markets in which we operate, including estimates and forecasts of financial and operational metrics, projections of market opportunity, market share and product sales, expectations and timing related to commercial product launches and production volumes, future strategies and products, including with respect to energy storage systems and automotive partnerships, manufacturing capabilities and facilities, studio openings, sales channels and strategies, future vehicle programs, expansion and the potential success of our go-to-market strategy and our financial and operating guidance, future capital expenditures and other operating expenses, future market launches and international expansion, including our planned manufacturing facility in Saudi Arabia and related timing and value to Lucid, and our needs for additional financing. Such forward-looking statements are based on available current market material and our current expectations, beliefs and forecasts concerning future developments. Factors that may impact such forward-looking statements include:
changes in domestic and foreign business, market, financial, political and legal conditions, including the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine;
risks related to the timing of expected business milestones and commercial product launches, including our ability to mass produce the Lucid Air and complete the tooling of our manufacturing facility;
risks related to the expansion of our manufacturing facility, the construction of new manufacturing facilities and the increase of our production capacity;
risks related to our supply chain and our ability to complete the tooling of our manufacturing facilities over time and scale production of the Lucid Air and other vehicles;
risks related to the construction of new manufacturing facilities and the increase of our production capacity;
risks related to future market adoption of our offerings;
the effects of competition and the pace and depth of electric vehicle adoption generally on our future business;
changes in regulatory requirements, governmental incentives and fuel and energy prices;
our ability to rapidly innovate;
our ability to enter into or maintain partnerships with original equipment manufacturers, vendors and technology providers;
our ability to effectively manage our growth and recruit and retain key employees, including our chief executive officer and executive team;
risks related to potential vehicle recalls;
our ability to establish our brand, and capture additional market share, and the risks associated with negative press or reputational harm;
future changes to vehicle specifications which may impact performance, pricing, and other expectations;
our ability to manage expenses;
the outcome of any potential litigation, government and regulatory proceedings, investigations and inquiries;
the impact of the global COVID-19 pandemic on our supply chain, projected results of operations, financial performance or other financial metrics, or on any of the foregoing risks; and
other factors disclosed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q or our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).
The forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are based on our current expectations and beliefs concerning future developments and their potential effects on our business. There can be no assurance that future developments affecting our business will be those that we have anticipated. These forward-looking statements involve a number of risks, uncertainties (some of which are beyond our control) or other assumptions that may cause actual results or performance to be materially different from those expressed or implied by these
3


forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those factors described under the heading “Risk Factors” in Part II, Item 1A. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should any of the assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary in material respects from those projected in these forward-looking statements. We do not undertake any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required under applicable securities laws.
Frequently Used Terms
Unless otherwise stated in Item I. Financial Statements and accompanying footnotes, or the context otherwise requires, references in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to:

2009 Plan” are to the Atieva, Inc. 2009 Share Plan duly adopted by the board of directors of Legacy Lucid on December 17, 2009;

2014 Plan” are to the Atieva, Inc. 2014 Share Plan duly adopted by the board of directors of Legacy Lucid on May 14, 2014;

2021 Plan” are to the Atieva, Inc. 2021 Stock Incentive Plan duly adopted by the compensation committee of the board of directors of
Legacy Lucid on January 13, 2021 and approved by Legacy Lucid’s shareholders on January 21, 2021;

2026 Notes” are to the 1.25% Convertible Senior Notes due 2026;

Ayar” are to Ayar Third Investment Company, an affiliate of PIF;

Board” are, prior to consummation of the Transactions, to the board of directors of Legacy Lucid, and, following consummation of the
Transactions, to the board of directors of Lucid Group Inc., a Delaware corporation;

Churchill” or “CCIV” are to Churchill Capital Corp IV, a Delaware corporation and our predecessor company prior to the consummation of the Transactions, which changed its name to Lucid Group, Inc. following the consummation of the Transactions, and its consolidated subsidiaries;

Churchill’s Class A common stock” are to Churchill’s Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share;

Churchill’s Class B common stock” are to Churchill’s Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share;

Churchill IPO” are to the initial public offering by Churchill which closed on August 3, 2020;

Closing” are to the consummation of the Transactions;

Closing Date” are to July 23, 2021, the date on which the Transactions were consummated;

common stock” are, prior to the consummation of the Transactions, to Churchill’s Class A common stock and Churchill’s Class B
common stock and, following the consummation of the Transactions, to the common stock of Lucid Group, Inc., par value $0.0001 per
share;

Effective Time” are to the date and time when the Merger became effective;
ESG” are to the Environmental, Social and Governance;

EV” are to electric vehicle;

Exchange Ratio” are to the quotient as defined in, and calculated in accordance with, the Merger Agreement, which is 2.644;

Investor Rights Agreement” are to the Investor Rights Agreement, dated as of February 22, 2021, by and among the Company, the
Sponsor, Ayar and certain other parties thereto;

Legacy Lucid” are to Atieva, Inc., d/b/a Lucid Motors, an exempted company incorporated with limited liability under the laws of the Cayman Islands, and its consolidated subsidiaries before the Closing Date;

Legacy Lucid Common Shares” are to the common shares, par value $0.0001 per share, of Legacy Lucid;

4


Legacy Lucid Awards” are to all issued and outstanding stock options, restricted stock units or other compensatory equity securities
in respect of shares of Legacy Lucid outstanding as of immediately prior to the closing of the Merger, including, without limitation, any
Legacy Lucid Options and Legacy Lucid RSUs;

Legacy Lucid Share Plans” are to the 2009 Plan, the 2014 Plan, the 2021 Plan, in each case as amended from time to time in
accordance with their terms;

Legacy Lucid Options” are to all issued and outstanding options to purchase or otherwise acquire Legacy Lucid Common Shares
(whether or not vested) held by any person, including share options granted under any Legacy Lucid Share Plan;

Legacy Lucid Preferred Shares” are to, collectively, Legacy Lucid Series A Preferred Shares, Legacy Lucid Series B Preferred Shares,
Legacy Lucid Series C Preferred Shares, Legacy Lucid Series D Preferred Shares and Legacy Lucid Series E Preferred Shares;

Legacy Lucid Series A Preferred Shares” are to the Series A preferred shares, par value $0.0001 per share, of Legacy Lucid;

Legacy Lucid Series B Preferred Shares” are to the Series B preferred shares, par value $0.0001 per share, of Legacy Lucid;

Legacy Lucid Series C Preferred Shares” are to the Series C preferred shares, par value $0.0001 per share, of Legacy Lucid;

Legacy Lucid Series D Preferred Shares” are to the Series D preferred shares, par value $0.0001 per share, of Legacy Lucid;

Legacy Lucid Series E Preferred Shares” are to the Series E preferred shares, par value $0.0001 per share, of Legacy Lucid;

Legacy Lucid Shares” are to the Legacy Lucid Common Shares and Legacy Lucid Preferred Shares;

Legacy Lucid RSUs” are to all issued and outstanding restricted stock unit awards with respect to Legacy Lucid Common Shares
outstanding under any Legacy Lucid Share Plan;

Lucid Awards” are to Lucid Options and Lucid RSUs;

Lucid Options” are to all issued and outstanding options to purchase shares of common stock immediately following the closing of the
Merger;

Lucid RSUs” are to all issued and outstanding restricted stock unit awards with respect to shares of common stock immediately
following the closing of the Merger;

Merger” are to the merger of a merger subsidiary of Churchill and Atieva, Inc., with Atieva, Inc. surviving such merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of Churchill;

Merger Sub” are to Air Merger Sub, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a direct, wholly-owned subsidiary of Churchill;

Merger Agreement” are to that certain Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of February 22, 2021, by and among Churchill, Legacy Lucid and Merger Sub, as the same has been or may be amended, modified, supplemented or waived from time to time;

PIF” are to the Public Investment Fund;

PIPE Investment” are to the private placement subscription agreements that Churchill entered into contemporaneously with the execution of the Merger Agreement whereby Churchill has agreed to issue and sell to certain investors $2.5 billion of Churchill’s Class A common stock at a purchase price of $15.00 per share. The PIPE Investment closed simultaneously with the Closing of the Merger;

PIPE Investors” are to the investors participating in the PIPE Investment;

PIPE Subscription Agreements” are to the common stock subscription agreements entered into by and among Churchill, and the
investors party thereto, in each case, dated as of February 22, 2021 and entered into in connection with the PIPE Investment;

Private Placement Warrants” are to Churchill’s warrants issued to the Sponsor in a private placement simultaneously with the closing
of the Churchill IPO;

5


Promissory Note” are to the unsecured promissory note issued by Churchill to the Sponsor in an aggregate principal amount of
$1,500,000. The Sponsor has elected to exercise its option to convert the unpaid balance of the Promissory Note of $1,500,000 into
Working Capital Warrants;

Public Warrants” are to Churchill’s warrants sold as part of the units in the Churchill IPO (whether they were purchased in the
Churchill IPO or thereafter in the open market);

Sponsor” are to Churchill Sponsor IV LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and an affiliate of M. Klein and Company;

Transactions” are to the Merger, together with the other transactions consummated under the Merger Agreement and the related agreements;

Warrant Agreement” are to the Warrant Agreement, dated July 29, 2020, entered into in connection with the Churchill IPO by and
between Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company and Churchill; and

Working Capital Warrants” are to the warrants to purchase Churchill’s Class A common stock pursuant to the terms of the Promissory
Note, on terms identical to the terms of the Private Placement Warrants.

Unless the context otherwise requires, all references in this section to “Lucid,” the “Company,” “we,” “us,” “our,” and other similar terms refer to Legacy Lucid and its subsidiaries prior to the Closing, and Lucid Group, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its subsidiaries after the Closing.
6


PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
LUCID GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
Unaudited
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$5,391,844 $6,262,905 
Accounts receivable, net867 3,148 
Inventory333,906 127,250 
Prepaid expenses42,325 70,346 
Other current assets95,489 43,328 
Total current assets5,864,431 6,506,977 
Property, plant and equipment, net1,327,544 1,182,153 
Right-of-use assets166,625 161,974 
Other noncurrent assets43,240 30,609 
TOTAL ASSETS$7,401,840 $7,881,713 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$66,440 $41,342 
Accrued compensation28,757 32,364 
Finance lease liabilities, current portion4,485 4,183 
Other current liabilities412,258 318,212 
Total current liabilities511,940 396,101 
Finance lease liabilities, net of current portion6,039 6,083 
Common stock warrant liability871,478 1,394,808 
Long-term debt1,988,047 1,986,791 
Other long-term liabilities194,867 188,575 
Total liabilities3,572,371 3,972,358 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 15)
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Preferred stock, par value $0.0001; 10,000,000 shares authorized as of March 31, 2022 and
       December 31, 2021; no shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021
  
Common stock, par value $0.0001; 15,000,000,000 shares authorized as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021; 1,667,597,533 and 1,648,413,415 shares issued and 1,666,739,708 and 1,647,555,590 shares outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
167 165 
Additional paid-in capital9,997,176 9,995,778 
Treasury stock, at cost, 857,825 shares at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021
(20,716)(20,716)
Accumulated deficit(6,147,158)(6,065,872)
Total stockholders' equity3,829,469 3,909,355 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
$7,401,840 $7,881,713 






The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
7


LUCID GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
Unaudited
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
Revenue$57,675 $313 
Costs and expenses
Cost of revenue245,970 85 
Research and development186,076 167,369 
Selling, general and administrative223,159 131,652 
Total cost and expenses655,205 299,106 
Loss from operations(597,530)(298,793)
Other income (expense), net:
Change in fair value of forward contracts (442,164)
Change in fair value of convertible preferred stock warrant liability (6,976)
Change in fair value of common stock warrant liability523,330  
Interest expense, net(7,705)(5)
Other income (expense), net942 (10)
Total other income (expense), net516,567 (449,155)
Loss before provision for income taxes(80,963)(747,948)
Provision for income taxes323 4 
Net loss and comprehensive loss(81,286)(747,952)
Deemed dividend related to the issuance of Series E convertible preferred stock (2,167,333)
Net loss attributable to common stockholders(81,286)(2,915,285)
Weighted average shares outstanding used in computing net loss per share attributable to common stockholders, basic and diluted1,654,322,379 32,650,874 
Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders, basic and diluted$(0.05)$(89.29)





















The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
8


LUCID GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK AND
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)
Unaudited
(in thousands, except share and per share data)

Convertible
Preferred Stock
Common StockAdditional
Paid-In
Capital
Treasury
Stock
Accumulated
Deficit
Total
Stockholders’
Equity (Deficit)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
SharesAmount
Shares(1)
Amount
Balance as of January 1, 2022 $ 1,647,555,590 $165 $9,995,778 $(20,716)$(6,065,872)$3,909,355 
Net loss— — — — — — (81,286)(81,286)
Issuance and sale of common stock for tax withholdings of employee RSUs— — — — (182,265)— — (182,265)
Issuance of common stock upon vesting of employee RSUs— — 7,081,008 1 (1)— — — 
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options— — 12,103,110 1 9,113 — — 9,114 
Stock-based compensation— — — — 174,551 — — 174,551 
Balance as of March 31, 2022
 $ 1,666,739,708 $167 $9,997,176 $(20,716)$(6,147,158)$3,829,469 

Convertible
Preferred Stock
Common StockAdditional
Paid-In
Capital
Treasury
Stock
Accumulated
Deficit
Total
Stockholders’
Equity (Deficit)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Shares(1)
Amount
Shares(1)
Amount
Balance as of January 1, 2021957,159,704 $2,494,076 28,791,702 $3 $38,113 $ $(1,356,893)$(1,318,777)
Net loss— — — — — — (747,952)(747,952)
Repurchase of Series B convertible preferred stock(3,525,365)— — — — — — — 
Issuance of Series D convertible preferred stock upon exercise of warrants1,546,799 12,936 — — — — — — 
Issuance of Series E convertible preferred stock133,818,821 1,844,886 — — (38,115)— (2,129,217)(2,167,332)
Stock-based compensation related to Series E convertible preferred stock— 102,913 — — — — — — 
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options— — 6,897,516 — 4,316 — — 4,316 
Stock-based compensation— — — — 1,882 — — 1,882 
Balance as of March 31, 2021
1,088,999,959 $4,454,811 35,689,218 $3 $6,196 $ $(4,234,062)$(4,227,863)









The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

______________________________________________________________

(1) The number of shares of convertible preferred stock and common stock issued and outstanding prior to the Merger have been retroactively adjusted by the Exchange Ratio to give effect to the reverse recapitalization treatment of the Merger. See Note 1 - Description of Business and Note 3 - Reverse Capitalization for more information.

9


LUCID GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
Unaudited
(in thousands)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
Cash flows from operating activities
Net loss$(81,286)$(747,952)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization38,242 4,919 
Amortization of insurance premium7,499  
Non-cash operating lease cost4,104 6,296 
Stock-based compensation174,551 104,795 
Loss on disposal of property and equipment 56 
Amortization of debt discounts and issuance costs1,255  
Write-down of inventory96,366  
Change in fair value of contingent forward contract liability 442,164 
Change in fair value of preferred stock warrant liability 6,976 
Change in fair value of common stock warrant liability(523,330) 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable2,281 (378)
Inventory(303,022)(5,267)
Prepaid expenses20,523 (3,782)
Other current assets(49,625)(544)
Other noncurrent assets and security deposit(11,175)(2,899)
Accounts payable5,713 (14,544)
Accrued compensation(3,607)3,646 
Operating lease liability(3,099)(4,099)
Other liabilities and accrued liabilities128,060 (11,124)
Other long-term liabilities1,901 3,011 
Net cash used in operating activities(494,649)(218,726)
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of property, equipment, and software(185,082)(94,779)
Net cash used in investing activities(185,082)(94,779)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Payment for short-term insurance financing note(12,949) 
Payment for capital lease liabilities— (298)
Payment for finance lease liabilities(1,201)— 
Repurchase of Series B convertible preferred stock (3,000)
Proceeds from issuance of Series D convertible preferred stock 3,000 
Proceeds from issuance of Series E convertible preferred stock 507,080 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options9,114 4,316 
Stock repurchases from employees for tax withholdings(182,265) 
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(187,301)511,098 
Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash(867,032)197,593 
Beginning cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash6,298,020 640,418 
Ending cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash$5,430,988 $838,011 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
Cash paid for interest$312 $57 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activity:
Property and equipment included in accounts payable and accrued expense(2,753)(16,357)
Property and equipment and right-of-use assets obtained through leases10,008 4,073 
Issuance of Series D convertible preferred stock upon exercise of preferred stock warrants 9,936 
Issuance of Series E convertible preferred stock contingent forward contracts 2,167,332 
Issuance of Series E convertible preferred stock upon settlement of contingent forward contracts$ $1,444,886 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
10


LUCID GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Unaudited
March 31, 2022
NOTE 1DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS
Overview
Lucid Group, Inc. (“Lucid”) is a technology and automotive company focused on designing, developing, manufacturing, and selling the next generation of EV, EV powertrains and battery systems.
Lucid was originally incorporated in Delaware on April 30, 2020 under the name Churchill Capital Corp IV (formerly known as Annetta Acquisition Corp) (“Churchill”) as a special purpose acquisition company with the purpose of effecting a merger with one or more operating businesses. On February 22, 2021, Churchill entered into a definitive merger agreement (the “Merger Agreement”) with Atieva, Inc. (“Legacy Lucid”) in which Legacy Lucid would become a wholly owned subsidiary of Churchill (the “Merger”). Upon the closing of the Merger on July 23, 2021 (the “Closing”), Churchill was immediately renamed to “Lucid Group, Inc.” The Merger between Churchill and Legacy Lucid was accounted for as a reverse recapitalization. See Note 3 – Reverse Recapitalization for more information.
Throughout the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements, unless otherwise noted, the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our” and similar terms refer to Legacy Lucid and its subsidiaries prior to the consummation of the Merger, and Lucid and its subsidiaries after the consummation of the Merger.
Liquidity
The Company devotes its efforts to business planning, research and development, recruiting of management and technical staff, acquiring operating assets, and raising capital.
From inception through March 31, 2022, the Company has incurred operating losses and negative cash flows from operating activities. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company has incurred operating losses, including net losses of $81.3 million and $748.0 million, respectively. The Company has an accumulated deficit of $6.1 billion as of March 31, 2022.
During the quarter ended June 30, 2021, the Company completed the first phase of the construction of its newly built manufacturing plant in Casa Grande, Arizona (the “Arizona plant”). The Company began commercial production of its first vehicle, the Lucid Air, in September 2021 and delivered its first vehicles in late October 2021. The Company continues to expand the Arizona plant, start of construction of a manufacturing facility in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and build-out of a network of retail sales and service locations. The Company has plans for continued development of additional vehicle model types for future release. The aforementioned activities will require considerable capital, above and beyond the expected cash inflows from the initial sales of the Lucid Air. As such, the future operating plan involves considerable risk if secure funding sources are not identified and confirmed.
The Company’s existing sources of liquidity include cash and cash equivalents. Historically, the Company funded operations primarily with issuances of convertible preferred stock and convertible notes. Upon the completion of the Merger, the Company received $4,400.3 million in cash proceeds, net of transaction costs. In December 2021, the Company issued an aggregate of $2,012.5 million principal amount of 1.25% convertible senior notes due in December 2026.
Certain Significant Risks and Uncertainties

The Company’s current business activities consist of research and development efforts to design and develop a high-performance fully electric vehicle and advanced electric vehicle powertrain components, including battery pack systems; building of the Company’s production operations in Casa Grande, Arizona; and build-out of the Company’s retail stores and service centers for distribution of the vehicles to customers. The Company is subject to the risks associated with such activities, including the need to further develop its technology, its marketing, and distribution channels; further develop its supply chain and manufacturing; and hire additional management and other key personnel. Successful completion of the Company’s development program and, ultimately, the attainment of profitable operations are dependent upon future events, including our ability to access potential markets, and secure long-term financing.
The Company participates in a dynamic high-technology industry. Changes in any of the following areas could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s future financial position, results of operations, and/or cash flows: advances and trends in new technologies; competitive pressures; changes in the overall demand for its products and services; acceptance of the Company’s products and services; litigation or claims against the Company based on intellectual property, patent, regulatory, or other factors; and the Company’s ability to attract and retain employees necessary to support its growth.
11


The COVID-19 pandemic continues to impact the global economy and cause significant macroeconomic uncertainty. Infection rates vary across the jurisdictions in which the Company operates. Governmental authorities have continued to implement numerous and constantly evolving measures to try to contain the virus, such as travel bans and restrictions, masking recommendations and mandates, vaccine recommendations and mandates, limits on gatherings, quarantines, shelter-in-place orders and business shutdowns. The Company has taken proactive action to protect the health and safety of its employees, customers, partners and suppliers, consistent with the latest and evolving governmental guidelines. The Company expects to continue to implement appropriate measures until the COVID-19 pandemic is adequately contained. The Company continues to monitor the rapidly evolving situation and guidance from international and domestic authorities, including federal, state and local public health authorities, and may take additional actions based on their recommendations and requirements or as the Company otherwise sees fit to protect the health and safety of its employees, customers, partners and suppliers.
While certain of the Company and its suppliers’ operations have from time-to-time been temporarily affected by government-mandated restrictions, the Company was able to commence deliveries of the Lucid Air to customers and to proceed with the construction of the Arizona plant. Broader impacts of the pandemic have included inflationary pressure as well as ongoing, industry-wide challenges in logistics and supply chains, such as increased port congestion, intermittent supplier delays and a shortfall of semiconductor supply. Because the Company relies on third party suppliers for the development, manufacture, and/or provision and development of many of the key components and materials used in its vehicles, as well as provisioning and servicing equipment in its manufacturing facilities, the Company has been affected by inflation and such industry-wide challenges in logistics and supply chains. While the Company continues to focus on mitigating risks to its operations and supply chain in the current industry environment, the Company expects that these industry-wide trends will continue to affect its cost structure as well as its ability and the ability of its suppliers to obtain parts, components and manufacturing equipment on a timely basis for the foreseeable future.
In the current circumstances, given the dynamic nature of the situation, any impact on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows in the future continues to be difficult to estimate and predict, as it depends on future events that are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with accuracy, including, but not limited to, the duration and continued spread of the outbreak, its severity, potential additional waves of infection, the emergence of more virulent or more dangerous strains of the virus, the actions taken to mitigate the virus or its impact, the development, distribution, efficacy and acceptance of vaccines worldwide, how quickly and to what extent normal economic and operating conditions can resume, the broader impact that the pandemic is having on the economy and our industry and specific implications the pandemic may have on the Company’s suppliers and on global logistics. See “Risk Factors” in Part II, Item 1A of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (the “Quarterly Report”) for additional information regarding risks associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, including under the caption “The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has adversely affected, and we cannot predict its ultimate impact on, our business, results of operations and financial condition.”
NOTE 2SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and applicable rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. Certain information and disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes included in the Company’s Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 28, 2022.
In management’s opinion, these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the annual financial statements and reflect all adjustments, which include normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair statement of the Company’s financial position as of March 31, 2022 and the results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year ending December 31, 2022 or any other future interim or annual period.
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates, assumptions and judgments made by management include, among others, inventory valuation, the determination of the useful lives of property and equipment, fair value of preferred stock warrants, fair value of common stock warrants, fair value of contingent forward contracts liability, valuation of deferred income tax assets and uncertain tax positions, fair value of common stock and other assumptions used to measure stock-based compensation expense, and estimated incremental borrowing rates for assessing operating and financing lease liabilities. These estimates and assumptions are based on management’s best estimates and judgment. Management evaluates its estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis using historical experience and other factors, including the current economic environment, which management believes to be reasonable
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under the circumstances. The Company adjusts such estimates and assumptions when facts and circumstances dictate. Changes in those estimates resulting from continuing changes in the economic environment will be reflected in the financial statements in future periods.
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash
The Company considers all highly liquid investments with an original maturity at the date of purchase of three months or less to be cash equivalents.
Restricted cash in other current assets and noncurrent assets is primarily related to letters of credit issued to the landlords for certain of the Company’s leasehold facilities.
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash to amounts shown in the statements of cash flows (in thousands):
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
March 31,
2021
December 31,
2020
Cash and cash equivalents$5,391,844 $6,262,905 $809,978 $614,412 
Restricted cash included in other current assets13,312 10,740 11,790 11,278 
Restricted cash included in other noncurrent assets25,832 24,375 16,243 14,728 
Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash$5,430,988 $6,298,020 $838,011 $640,418 
Concentration of Credit Risk
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentration of credit risk consist of cash, cash equivalents, and accounts receivable. The Company places its cash primarily with domestic financial institutions that are federally insured within statutory limits, but at times its deposits may exceed federally insured limits. Further, accounts receivable primarily consists of current trade receivables from a single customer as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, which relates specifically to sales of its battery packs.

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

The Company’s significant accounting policies are discussed in Note 2 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 28, 2022. There have been no significant changes to these policies during the three months ended March 31, 2022.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In November 2021, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU No. 2021-10, Government Assistance (Topic 832): Disclosures by Business Entities about Government Assistance, which requires annual disclosures about transactions with a government that are accounted for by applying a grant or contribution accounting model by analogy. The disclosure requirements include information about the nature of the transactions and the related accounting policy, the line items on the balance sheet and income statement that are affected by the transactions, the amount applicable to each financial statement line and significant terms and conditions of the transactions. The guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2021 and can be applied either prospectively or retrospectively. The Company has adopted ASU 2021-10 prospectively on January 1, 2022. The adoption of this ASU did not have an impact to the consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
NOTE 3 REVERSE RECAPITALIZATION
On July 23, 2021, upon the consummation of the Merger, all holders of 451,295,965 issued and outstanding Legacy Lucid common stock received shares of Lucid common stock at a deemed value of $10.00 per share after giving effect to the exchange ratio of 2.644 (the “Exchange Ratio”) resulting in 1,193,226,511 shares of Lucid common stock issued and outstanding as of the Closing and all holders of 42,182,931 issued and outstanding Legacy Lucid equity awards received Lucid equity awards covering 111,531,080 shares of Lucid common stock at a deemed value of $10.00 per share after giving effect to the Exchange Ratio, based on the following events contemplated by the Merger Agreement:
the cancellation and conversion of all 437,182,072 issued and outstanding shares of Legacy Lucid preferred stock into 437,182,072 shares of Legacy Lucid common stock at the conversion rate as calculated pursuant to Legacy Lucid’s memorandum and articles of association at the date and time that the Merger became effective (“Effective Time”);
the surrender and exchange of all 451,295,965 issued and outstanding shares of Legacy Lucid common stock (including Legacy Lucid common stock resulting from the conversion of the Legacy Lucid preferred stock) into 1,193,226,511 shares of Lucid common stock as adjusted by the Exchange Ratio;
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the cancellation and exchange of all 25,764,610 granted and outstanding vested and unvested Legacy Lucid options, which became 68,121,210 Lucid options exercisable for shares of Lucid common stock with the same terms and vesting conditions except for the number of shares exercisable and the exercise price, each of which was adjusted by the Exchange Ratio; and
the cancellation and exchange of all 16,418,321 granted and outstanding vested and unvested Legacy Lucid RSUs, which became 43,409,870 Lucid RSUs for shares of Lucid common stock with the same terms and vesting conditions except for the number of shares, which was adjusted by the Exchange Ratio.
The other related events that occurred in connection with the Closing are summarized below:
Churchill entered into separate private placement subscription agreements (the “PIPE Investment”) contemporaneously with the execution of the Merger Agreement pursuant to which Churchill agreed to sell and issue an aggregate of 166,666,667 shares of common stock at a purchase price of $15.00 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $2,500.0 million. The PIPE Investment closed simultaneously with the Closing of the Merger;
Churchill Sponsor IV LLC (the “Churchill Sponsor”) exercised its right to convert the outstanding and unpaid amount of $1.5 million under the working capital loan provided by the Churchill Sponsor to Churchill into an additional 1,500,000 Private Placement Warrants at a price of $1.00 per warrant in satisfaction of such loan;
Churchill and the Churchill Sponsor entered into a letter agreement (the “Sponsor Agreement”), pursuant to which the Churchill Sponsor agreed that 17,250,000 shares of Churchill’s issued and outstanding common stock beneficially held by the Churchill Sponsor (the “Sponsor Earnback Shares”) and 14,783,333 Private Placement Warrants beneficially held by the Churchill Sponsor (the “Sponsor Earnback Warrants”) to purchase shares of the Churchill’s common stock shall become subject to transfer restrictions and contingent forfeiture provisions upon the Closing of the Merger until Lucid’s stock price exceeded certain predetermined levels in the post-Merger period. Any such shares and warrants not released from these transfer restrictions during the earnback period, which expires on the fifth anniversary of the Closing, will be forfeited back to Lucid for no consideration. See Note 12 - Earnback Shares and Warrants for more information; and
Churchill redeemed 21,644 public shares of Churchill’s Class A common stock at approximately $10.00 per share for an aggregate payment of $0.2 million.
After giving effect to the Merger and the redemption of Churchill shares as described above, the number of shares of common stock issued and outstanding immediately following the consummation of the Merger was as follows:
Shares
Churchill public shares, prior to redemptions207,000,000 
Less redemption of Churchill shares(21,644)
Churchill public shares, net of redemptions206,978,356 
Churchill Sponsor shares(1)
51,750,000 
PIPE shares(2)
166,666,667 
Total shares of Churchill common stock outstanding immediately prior to the Merger425,395,023 
Legacy Lucid shares1,193,226,511 
Total shares of Lucid common stock outstanding immediately after the Merger(3)(4)
1,618,621,534 
(1)The 51,750,000 shares beneficially owned by the Churchill Sponsor as of the Closing of the Merger includes the 17,250,000 Sponsor Earnback Shares.
(2)Reflects the sale and issuance of 166,666,667 shares of common stock to the PIPE Investors at $15.00 per share.
(3)Excludes 111,531,080 shares of common stock as of the Closing of the Merger to be reserved for potential future issuance upon the exercise of Lucid options or settlement of Lucid RSUs.
(4)Excludes the 85,750,000 warrants issued and outstanding as of the Closing of the Merger, which includes the 41,400,000 public warrants and the 44,350,000 Private Placement Warrants held by the Churchill Sponsor. The 44,350,000 Private Placement Warrants beneficially owned by the Churchill Sponsor as of the consummation of the Merger includes the 14,783,333 Sponsor Earnback Warrants.
The Merger has been accounted for as a reverse recapitalization under U.S. GAAP. Under this method of accounting, Churchill has been treated as the acquired company for financial reporting purposes. The reverse recapitalization accounting treatment was primarily determined based on the stockholders of Legacy Lucid having a relative majority of the voting power of Lucid and having the ability to nominate the majority of the members of the Lucid board of directors, senior management of Legacy Lucid comprise the senior management of Lucid, and the strategy and operations of Legacy Lucid prior to the Merger comprise the only ongoing strategy and operations of Lucid. Accordingly, for accounting purposes, the financial statements of Lucid represent a continuation of the financial statements of Legacy Lucid with the Merger
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being treated as the equivalent of Legacy Lucid issuing shares for the net assets of Churchill, accompanied by a recapitalization. The net assets of Churchill were recognized as of the Closing at historical cost, with no goodwill or other intangible assets recorded. Operations prior to the Merger are presented as those of Legacy Lucid and the accumulated deficit of Legacy Lucid has been carried forward after Closing.
All periods prior to the Merger have been retrospectively adjusted using the Exchange Ratio for the equivalent number of shares outstanding immediately after the Closing to effect the reverse recapitalization.
In connection with the Closing of the Merger, the Company raised $4,439.2 million of gross proceeds, including the contribution of $2,070.1 million of cash held in Churchill’s trust account from its initial public offering along with $2,500.0 million of cash raised by Churchill in connection with the PIPE Investment and $0.4 million of cash held in the Churchill operating cash account. The gross proceeds were net of $0.2 million paid to redeem 21,644 shares of Churchill Class A common stock held by public stockholders and $131.4 million in costs incurred by Churchill prior to the Closing. The Company additionally incurred $38.9 million of transaction costs, consisting of banking, legal, and other professional fees, of which $36.2 million was recorded as a reduction to additional paid-in capital of proceeds and the remaining $2.7 million was expensed in July 2021. The total net cash proceeds to the Company were $4,400.3 million.
NOTE 4 – BALANCE SHEETS COMPONENTS
INVENTORY
Inventory as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 were as follows (in thousands):
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Raw materials$234,444 $87,646 
Work in progress43,082 30,641 
Finished goods
56,380 8,963 
Total inventory$333,906 $127,250 
Inventory as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 was comprised of raw materials, work in progress related to the production of vehicles for sale and finished goods inventory including vehicles in transit to fulfill customer orders and new vehicles available for sale. We write down inventory for any excess or obsolete inventories or when we believe that the net realizable value of inventories is less than the carrying value. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we recorded write-downs of $96.4 million in cost of revenues. No write-downs were recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2021.
PROPERTY, PLANT, AND EQUIPMENT, NET
Property, plant, and equipment as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 were as follows (in thousands):
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Land and land improvements$1,050 $1,050 
Building and improvements197,268 195,952 
Machinery, Tooling and Vehicles652,725 601,791 
Computer equipment and software32,961 27,968 
Leasehold improvements144,457 135,533 
Furniture and fixtures19,207 15,352 
Finance leases14,779 13,601 
Construction in progress389,228 276,919 
Total property, plant, and equipment1,451,675 1,268,166 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization(124,131)(86,013)
Property, plant, and equipment — net$1,327,544 $1,182,153 
Construction in progress represents the costs incurred in connection with the construction of buildings or new additions to the Company’s plant facilities including tooling, which is with outside vendors. Costs classified as construction in progress include all costs of obtaining the asset
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and bringing it to the location in the condition necessary for its intended use. No depreciation is provided for construction in progress until such time as the assets are completed and are ready for use. Construction in progress consisted of the following (in thousands):
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Machinery and Tooling$207,847 $132,943 
Construction of Arizona plant136,459 112,970 
Leasehold improvements44,922 31,006 
Total construction in progress$389,228 $276,919 
Depreciation and amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was approximately $38.2 million and $4.9 million, respectively.
OTHER CURRENT AND LONG-TERM LIABILITIES
Other current liabilities and long-term liabilities as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 were as follows (in thousands):
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Engineering, design, and testing accrual$20,251 $33,950 
Construction in progress97,754 92,590 
Accrued purchases (1)
98,527 12,225 
Retail leasehold improvements accrual14,888 15,796 
Other professional services accrual23,741 13,944 
Tooling liability20,866 23,966 
Short-term insurance financing note4,399 15,281 
Operating lease liabilities, current portion12,448 11,056 
Other current liabilities119,384 99,404 
Total other current liabilities$412,258 $318,212 
(1) Accrued purchases primarily reflects inventory purchases and related transportation charges that had not been invoiced.
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion$189,516 $185,323 
Other long-term liabilities5,351 3,252 
Total other long-term liabilities$194,867 $188,575 
NOTE 5 - FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
The accounting standard for fair value measurements provides a framework for measuring fair value and requires expanded disclosures regarding fair value measurements. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received for an asset or the “exit price” that would be paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market in an orderly transaction between independent market participants on the measurement date. The Company measures financial assets and liabilities at fair value at each reporting period using a fair value hierarchy, which requires the Company to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. A financial instrument classification within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. This hierarchy prioritizes the inputs into three broad levels as follows:
Level 1—Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2—Observable inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in inactive markets, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
Level 3—Inputs that are generally unobservable and typically reflect management’s estimates of assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability. Factors used to develop the estimated fair value are unobservable inputs that are not
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supported by market activity. The sensitivity of the fair value measurement to changes in unobservable inputs may result in a significantly higher or lower measurement.
Level 1 investments consist solely of money market fund which is valued using quoted prices that are available in an active market. Level 3 liabilities consist of convertible preferred stock warrant liability, contingent forward contract liability and common stock warrant liability, in which the fair value was measured upon issuance and is remeasured at each reporting date. The valuation methodology and underlying assumptions are discussed further in Note 7 “Contingent Forward Contracts,” Note 8 “Convertible Preferred Stock Warrant Liability” and Note 9 “Common Stock Warrant Liability”.
The following table sets forth the Company’s financial assets and liabilities subject to fair value measurements on a recurring basis by level within the fair value hierarchy as of March 31, 2022 (in thousands):
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Assets:
Money market funds$5,250,516 $ $ $5,250,516 
Total cash and cash equivalents$5,250,516 $ $ $5,250,516 
Other noncurrent assets
Money market funds$25,832 $ $ $25,832 
Total assets$5,276,348 $ $ $5,276,348 
Liabilities:
Common stock warrant liability$ $ $871,478 $871,478 
Total liabilities$ $ $871,478 $871,478 
The following table sets forth the Company’s financial assets and liabilities subject to fair value measurements on a recurring basis by level within the fair value hierarchy as of December 31, 2021 (in thousands):
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Assets:
Money market funds$6,102,017 $ $ $6,102,017 
Total cash and cash equivalents$6,102,017 $ $ $6,102,017 
Other noncurrent assets
Money market funds23,179 $ $ $23,179 
Total assets$6,125,196 $ $ $6,125,196 
Liabilities:
Common stock warrant liability$ $ $1,394,808 $1,394,808 
Total liabilities$ $ $1,394,808 $1,394,808 
A reconciliation of the contingent forward contract liability, convertible preferred stock warrant liability and common stock warrant liability measured and recorded at fair value on a recurring basis was as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Common Stock
Warrant Liability
Contingent Forward
Contract Liability
Convertible
Preferred Stock
Warrant Liability
Fair value-beginning of period$1,394,808 $ $2,960 
Issuance 2,167,332  
Change in fair value(523,330)442,164 6,976 
Settlement (1,444,886)(9,936)
Fair value-end of period$871,478 $1,164,610 $ 
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NOTE 6 – LONG-TERM DEBT

2026 Notes
In December 2021, the Company issued an aggregate of $2,012.5 million principal amount of 1.25% convertible senior notes due in December 2026 (the “2026 Notes”) in a private offering to qualified institutional buyers pursuant to Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, at an issuance price equal to 99.5% of the principal amount of 2026 Notes. The 2026 Notes have been designated as green bonds, whose proceeds will be allocated in accordance with the Company’s green bond framework. The 2026 Notes were issued pursuant to and are governed by an indenture dated December 14, 2021, between the Company and U.S. Bank National Association as the trustee. The proceeds from the issuance of the 2026 Notes were $1,986.6 million, net of the issuance discount and debt issuance costs.
The 2026 Notes are unsecured obligations which bear regular interest at 1.25% per annum and will be payable semiannually in arrears on June 15 and December 15 of each year, beginning on June 15, 2022. The 2026 Notes will mature on December 15, 2026, unless repurchased, redeemed, or converted in accordance with their terms prior to such date. The 2026 Notes are convertible into cash, shares of our Class A common stock, or a combination of cash and shares of our Class A common stock, at the Company’s election, at an initial conversion rate of 18.2548 shares of Class A common stock per $1,000 principal amount of 2026 Notes, which is equivalent to an initial conversion price of approximately $54.78 per share of our Class A common stock. The conversion rate is subject to customary adjustments for certain dilutive events. The Company may redeem for cash all or any portion of the 2026 Notes, at the Company’s option, on or after December 20, 2024 if the last reported sale price of our Class A common stock has been at least 130% of the conversion price then in effect for at least 20 trading days at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the 2026 Notes to be redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest up to the day before the redemption date. The holders may require the Company to repurchase the 2026 Notes upon the occurrence of certain fundamental change transactions at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the 2026 Notes redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest up to the day before the redemption date.
Holders of the 2026 Notes may convert all or a portion of their 2026 Notes at their option prior to September 15, 2026, in multiples of $1,000 principal amounts, only under the following circumstances:

during any calendar quarter commencing after the quarter ending on March 31, 2022 (and only during such calendar quarter), if the Company’s common stock price exceeds 130% of the conversion price for at least 20 trading days during the 30 consecutive trading days at the end of the prior calendar quarter;
during the five consecutive business days immediately after any 10 consecutive trading day period in which the trading price per $1,000 principal amount of notes for each trading day of the measurement period was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale price per share of our common stock on such trading day and the conversion rate on such trading day;
upon the occurrence of specified corporate events; or
if the Company calls any or all 2026 Notes for redemption, at any time prior to the close of business on the scheduled trading day immediately preceding the redemption date, but only with respect to the notes called for redemption.
On or after September 15, 2026, the 2026 Notes are convertible at any time until the close of business on the second scheduled trading day immediately preceding the maturity date. Holders of the 2026 Notes who convert the 2026 Notes in connection with a make-whole fundamental change, as defined in the indenture governing the 2026 Notes, or in connection with a redemption may be entitled to an increase in the conversion rate.
The Company accounted for the issuance of the 2026 Notes as a single liability measured at its amortized cost, as no other embedded features require bifurcation and recognition as derivatives. The following is a summary of the 2026 Notes as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 (in millions):

March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Principal Amount$2,012.5 $2,012.5 
Unamortized Debt Discounts and Issuance Costs24.5 25.7 
Net Carrying Amount 1,988.0 1,986.8 
Fair Value (Level 2)$1,528.2 $1,984.6 
Interest expense related to the 2026 Notes was $7.5 million, including $6.3 million contractual interest and $1.2 million attributable to the amortization of the debt discounts and debt issuance costs for the three months ended March 31, 2022. The effective interest rate for the convertible note is 1.5%.
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The 2026 Notes were not eligible for conversion as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021. No sinking fund is provided for the 2026 Notes, which means that the Company is not required to redeem or retire them periodically.
Saudi Industrial Development Fund (“SIDF”) Loan Agreement
On February 27, 2022, Lucid, LLC, a limited liability company established in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and a subsidiary of the Company (“Lucid LLC”) entered into a loan agreement (as subsequently amended, the “SIDF Loan Agreement”) with the SIDF. Under the SIDF Loan Agreement, SIDF has committed to provide loans (the “SIDF Loans”) to Lucid LLC in an aggregate principal amount of up to SAR 5.19 billion (approximately $1.4 billion); provided that SIDF may reduce the availability of SIDF Loans under the facility in certain circumstances. SIDF Loans will be subject to repayment in semi-annual installments in amounts ranging from SAR 25 million to SAR 350 million, commencing on April 3, 2026 and ending on November 12, 2038. SIDF Loans are financing and will be used to finance certain costs in connection with the development and construction of the Company’s planned manufacturing facility in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (“the KSA Facility”). Lucid LLC may repay SIDF Loans earlier than the maturity date without penalty. Obligations under the SIDF Loan Agreement do not extend to the Company or any of its other subsidiaries.
SIDF Loans will not bear interest. Instead, Lucid LLC will be required to pay SIDF service fees, consisting of follow-up and technical evaluation fees, ranging, in aggregate, from SAR 415 million (approximately $111 million) to SAR 1.77 billion (approximately $471 million), over the term of the SIDF Loans. SIDF Loans will be secured by security interests in the equipment, machines and assets funded thereby.
The SIDF Loan Agreement contains certain restrictive financial covenants and imposes annual caps on Lucid LLC’s payment of dividends, distributions of paid-in capital or certain capital expenditures. The SIDF Loan Agreement also defines customary events of default, including abandonment of or failure to commence operations at the plant in the King Abdullah Economic City (“KAEC”), and drawdowns under the SIDF Loan Agreement are subject to certain conditions precedent. As of March 31, 2022, no amounts were outstanding under the SIDF Loan Agreement.
NOTE 7 - CONTINGENT FORWARD CONTRACTS
In September 2018, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement with PIF. Along with the execution of the securities purchase agreement, the Company granted PIF the right to purchase the Company’s Series D convertible preferred stock in future periods. The Company determined PIF’s right to participate in future Series D convertible preferred stock financing to be freestanding similar to a derivative in the form of contingent forward contracts and recorded the initial valuation of $18.6 million as a debt discount to the Convertible Notes issued in September 2018.
In March 2020, the Company received $200.0 million in exchange for 82,496,092 shares of Series D convertible preferred shares as partial settlement of the Series D contingent forward contract liability and revalued the contingent forward contract liability to the then fair value of $36.4 million and reclassified $18.2 million of the contingent forward contract liability into Series D convertible preferred stock. In June 2020, upon satisfaction of the second set of milestones (refer to Note 10 “Convertible Preferred Stock”), the Company received the remaining $200.0 million in exchange for 82,496,121 shares of Series D convertible preferred stock as final settlement of the Series D contingent forward contract liability and revalued the contingent forward contracts liability to the then fair value of $39.6 million and reclassified the liability into Series D convertible preferred stock. The Series D contingent forward contract liability incurred a total fair value loss of $8.7 million during the year ended December 31, 2020. Since the Series D contingent forward contract liability was fully settled in June 2020, there was no related outstanding contingent forward contract liability as of December 31, 2020.
As discussed in Note 10 “Convertible Preferred Stock”, in September 2020, along with the execution of the Securities Purchase Agreement, the Company granted Ayar Third Investment Company (“Ayar”) the right to purchase the Company’s additional Series E convertible preferred stock upon the Company’s satisfaction of certain milestones in November 2020. The Company determined Ayar’s right to participate in future Series E convertible preferred stock financing to be freestanding similar to a derivative in the form of contingent forward contracts and recorded the initial valuation of $0.8 million into contingent forward contract liabilities.
In December 2020, Ayar waived the Company’s remaining outstanding obligations, and the Company received $400.0 million for the issuance of Series E convertible preferred stock. Upon settlement, the Company revalued the Series E contingent forward contracts to the then fair value of $110.5 million and reclassified the contingent forward contract liability into Series E convertible preferred stock. The Company recorded a loss of $109.7 million related to fair value remeasurements of the Series E contingent forward contracts during the year ended December 31, 2020.
In February 2021, the Company and Ayar entered into Amendment No. 1 to the original Series E Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement (“Amendment No. 1”). Under the Amendment No. 1, Ayar and the Company agreed to enter into the third closing of additional 133,818,821 Series E convertible preferred stock at $2.99 per share, aggregating to $400.0 million. Upon the signing of the Amendment No. 1, the Company received the issuance proceeds of $400.0 million from Ayar in February 2021.
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Amendment No. 1 also allowed the Company to provide an opportunity to all current convertible preferred stockholders other than Ayar (“Eligible Holders”) to enter into the fourth closing to purchase up to 23,737,221 shares of Series E convertible preferred stock on a pro rata basis at $2.99 per share, aggregating to $71.0 million. In addition, the amendment allowed the Company to offer for purchase at the fourth closing at $2.99 per share, a number of Series E Preferred Stock to senior management employees, directors, consultants, advisors and/or contractors of the Company (“Additional Purchasers”) and Ayar. Refer to Note 10 - Convertible Preferred Stock.
In April 2021, the Company issued 66,909,408 Series E convertible preferred stock from the fourth closing at $2.99 per share for cash consideration of $200.0 million. The Company received $107.1 million of the total issuance proceeds in March 2021 and the remaining $92.9 million in April 2021. See Note 10 - Convertible Preferred Stock for more information.
The Company determined the right to participate in future Series E convertible preferred share financing to be a freestanding financial instrument similar to a derivative in the form of contingent forward contracts and recorded the initial valuation of $1,444.9 million and $722.4 million for the third closing and fourth closing, respectively, as contingent forward contract liabilities. Since the contingent forward contract liability related to the third closing was fully settled in the same month following the execution of the amendment, the Company recorded no related fair value remeasurements in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
The Company issued Offer Notices to certain of the Company’s management and members of the Board of Directors in March 2021 and April 2021. The Series E convertible preferred stock issued from the fourth closing included 3,034,194 shares to the Company’s management and 1,658,705 shares to members of the Board of Directors. The total issuance to the Company’s management included 535,275 shares offered to the CEO in April 2021. The offer to employees in the fourth closing to participate in future Series E convertible preferred stock financing represent a fully vested, equity classified award. The award’s full fair value on each recipient’s grant date was recorded as stock-based compensation, and the related contingent forward contract liability was derecognized. The Company revalued the contingent forward contract liability for the remaining participants and recorded $442.2 million fair value remeasurement loss related to the contingent forward contract liability for the three months ended March 31, 2021. Final fair value of the contingent forward contract liability of $1.2 billion was reclassified into Series E convertible preferred stock upon the fourth closing in April 2021. There was no related outstanding contingent forward contract liability as of December 31, 2021.
The fair value of the Series E convertible preferred stock contingent forward contract liability for the third closing was determined using a forward payoff. The Company’s inputs used in determining the fair value on the issuance date and settlement date, were as follows:
Stock Price$13.79 
Volatility100.00 %
Expected term (in years)0.01
Risk-free rate0.03 %
The fair value of the Series E convertible preferred stock contingent forward contract liability for the fourth closing was determined using a forward and an option payoff. The Company’s inputs used in determining the fair value on the issuance date were as follows:
Fair value of Series E convertible preferred share$13.79 
Volatility100.00 %
Expected term (in years)0.11
Risk-free rate0.03 %
The fair value of the Series E convertible preferred stock contingent forward contract liability for the fourth closing was determined as the difference between the Series E convertible preferred stock fair value and the purchase price. The Company estimated the fair value of each of the Series E convertible preferred stock on the settlement date by taking the closing price of Churchill’s Class A common stock on April 1, 2021 of $23.78 multiplied by the expected exchange ratio at the time, and discounted for lack of marketability.
NOTE 8 - CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK WARRANT LIABILITY
In March and September 2017, the Company issued two convertible preferred stock warrants to purchase a total of 1,546,799 shares of Series D convertible preferred stock, with an exercise price of $1.94 per share. The convertible preferred stock warrants had been recorded at fair value using a Monte-Carlo simulation at issuance and had been subsequently remeasured to fair value each reporting period with the changes recorded in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. In February 2021, all the outstanding warrants were settled in its entirety at an exercise price of $1.94 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $3.0 million. Upon final settlement, the Company converted the warrant into $12.9 million Series D convertible preferred stock, and recorded $7.0 million losses related to fair value remeasurements of the warrants in the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021.
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NOTE 9 - COMMON STOCK WARRANT LIABILITY
On July 23, 2021, in connection with the reverse recapitalization treatment of the Merger, the Company effectively issued 44,350,000 Private Placement Warrants to purchase shares of Lucid’s common stock. The Private Placement Warrants were initially recognized as a liability with a fair value of $812.0 million and was remeasured to fair value of $1,394.8 million as of December 31, 2021. The Private Placement Warrants remained unexercised and were remeasured to fair value of $871.5 million as of March 31, 2022, resulting in a gain of $523.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
The 44,350,000 Private Placement Warrants included the 14,783,333 Sponsor Earnback Warrants subject to the contingent forfeiture provisions. The earnback triggering events were satisfied during the year ended December 31, 2021 such that the 14,783,333 Sponsor Earnback Warrants vested and are no longer subject to the transfer restrictions and contingent forfeiture provisions. See Note 12 - Earnback Shares and Warrants for more information.
The fair value of the Private Placement Warrants that were subject to the contingent forfeiture provisions was initially estimated using a Monte-Carlo simulation to estimate a distribution of potential outcomes over the earnback period related to the achievement of the volume-weighted average trading sale price (the “VWAP”) thresholds. The present value of the payoff in each simulation is calculated, and the fair value of the liability is determined by taking the average of all present values. The fair value of the Private Placement Warrants that were subject to the contingent forfeiture provisions were as follows:

July 23, 2021
Fair value of Tranche 1 with $20.00 VWAP threshold per share
$18.16 
Fair value of Tranche 2 with $25.00 VWAP threshold per share
$18.07 
Fair value of Tranche 3 with $30.00 VWAP threshold per share
$17.92 

The fair value of the Private Placement Warrants that are not subject to the contingent forfeiture provisions was estimated using a Black-Scholes option pricing model, and were as follows:

March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Fair value of Private Placement Warrants per share
$19.65 $31.45 

Assumptions used in the Monte-Carlo simulation models and Black-Scholes option pricing model take into account the contract terms as well as the quoted price of the Company’s common stock in an active market. The volatility is based on the actual market activity of the Company’s peer group as well as the Company's historical volatility. The expected life is based on the remaining contractual term of the warrants, and the risk free interest rate is based on the implied yield available on U.S. Treasury securities with a maturity equivalent to the warrants’ expected life. The level 3 fair value inputs used in the Monte-Carlo simulation models and Black-Scholes option pricing models were as follows:
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Volatility85.00